Bộ tài liệu và bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 8 theo chương trình mới – Chuyên đề WRITING (UNIT 7-12)

UNIT 7

H. WRITING

I. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. People don’t care much about environment, so they keep making it worse.

→ If people ____________________________________________________

2. She suffered from a serious disease because of drinking contaminated water in a long time.

→ Since________________________________________________________

3. The drainage system is damaged. There is not enough water for the crop.

→ If the drainage system_____________________________________________

4. “Why don’t you turn off more lights in the house to reduce your eyestrain?”

→ If I __________________________________________________________

5. The improvements of the public transport system will encourage more people to use it.

→ If____________________________________________________________

II. Combine each pair of the following sentences using the words/phrases in brackets.

l. A serious road accident happened. There was a traffic chaos yesterday. (CAUSED)

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2. I had to get the mop. I spilled my juice. (SINCE)

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3. He walked slowly. He has a bad leg. (BECAUSE OF

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4. A peacock will spread his feathers, he will attract a female. (SO)

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5. The cyclone has come. Many thousands of deaths. (RESULTED IN)

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6. Don’t eat too much sugar. It creates health problems. (LEAD TO)

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7. The weather was bad. That’s why our departure delayed (BECAUSE OF)

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8. There was damage to our property because of the fire. (RESULTED IN)

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9. They haven’t reply our invitation so far. I think they are not coming. (SINCE)

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10. The road condition is poor. There has been several accidents. (CAUSED)

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III. Use the given words to write the complete conditional sentences type 2.

1. If/I/ be/ you/I/ eat/ more vegetable.

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2. More/ foreign tourist/ come/ here/ if/ environment/ clean.

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3. What/ happen/ if/ there/ be/ no woman/ world?

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4. If/I/ be/ his father/I/ ask/ him/ learn English/ better.

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5. If/ there/ be/ no war/ earth/ people/ live/ peace/ forever.

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6. Flood/ not happen/ so regularly/ if/ people/ not cut down/ so many/ tree.

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7. If/ they/ tell/ their father/ he/ be/ very angry.

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8. She/ spend/ a year/ USA/ if/ it/ be/ easy/ get/ green card.

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9. If/I/ live/ lonely island/I/ be/ very sad all day.

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10. My brother/ buy/ sport car/ if/ he/ have/ money.

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IV. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Richard is too young to see the horror film.

→ Richard is not _________________________________________________

2. Remember to turn off the fan before leaving the room.

→ Don’t ________________________________________________________

3. That man is very intelligent.

→ What ________________________________________________________

4. I intended to come over to pick you up.

→ I was ________________________________________________________

5. My sister’s hair is long and black.

→ My sister has __________________________________________________

6. The supermarket is near Trung’s house.

→ The supermarket isn’t ___________________________________________

7. Alexander G. Bell invented the telephone in 1876.

→ Alexander G. Bell was __________________________________________

8. I’ll phone you tomorrow morning.

→ I’ll give ______________________________________________________

9. How about going to the theatre tonight.

→ Let’s _________________________________________________________

10. She lived on a farm once, but she doesn’t any more.

→ She used______________________________________________________

V. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. If/I/ come home/ early/I/ prepare/ dinner.

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2. If/ we/ live/ Rome/ Francesco/ visit/ us.

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3. If/ Tim and Torn/ be/ old/ they/ play/ our hockey team.

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4. If/ he/ be/ my friend/I/ invite him/ my birthday party.

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5. If/ Susan/ study/ hard/ she/ be better/ school.

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6. If/ they/ have/ enough money/ they/ buy/ new car.

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7. If/ you/ do/ paper round/ you/ earn/ little/ extra money.

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8. If/ Michael/ get/ more pocket money/ he/ ask/ Doris/ out/ for dinner.

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9. If/ we/ win/ lottery/ we/ fly/ San Francisco.

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10. If/I/ meet/ Brad Pitt/I/ ask/ his autograph.

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VI. Are you concerned about noise pollution? Write a paragraph (100-120 words) about its causes, effects and solutions for this pollution problem.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What is noise pollution?

– How common is it now?

– What causes it?

– What are its effects?

– What should we do to solve it?

UNIT 8

G. WRITING

I. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. The last time I went to Ho Chi Minh City was ten years ago.

→ It has been _______________________________________________________

2. This is the most interesting novel I have ever read.

→ I have ___________________________________________________________

3. This is the first time I have been to Bangkok.

→ I haven’t _________________________________________________________

4. I started learning English 10 years ago

→ I have ___________________________________________________________

5. It has been ages since I last saw him.

→ I have ___________________________________________________________

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Canberra/ be/ capital city/ Australia.

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2. Population/ 403,468/ it/ be/ Australia’s largest inland city/ eighth-largest city overall.

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3. City/ be/ locate/ northern end of/ Australian Capital Territory.

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4. Resident/ Canberra/ know/ “Canberran”.

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5. Canberra/ be/ capital/ seat/ government.

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III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Alison/ often/ watch/ TV/ after dinner.

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2. I/ read/ all/ play/ Shakespeare.

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3. She/ not like/ disturb/ when/ she/ work.

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4. Jack/ not spend/ much time/ read.

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5. They/ live/ that house/ ten years.

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6. We/ work/ this company/ 2008.

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7. John’s friends/ play/ football/ Sports Centre.

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8. Peter/ not like/ buy/ food/ supermarket.

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9. President/ travel/ more than twenty/ country.

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10. I/ do/ housework/ moment.

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IV. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Mr. Nam started teaching English 20 years ago. (FOR)

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2. This is the first time she has come to Vietnam. (NEVER)

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3. The last time I met her was 3 years ago. (HAVEN’T)

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4. That is the most interesting novel I have ever read. (SUCH)

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5. This is the third time I have been to Hanoi. (TWICE)

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V. Make complete sentences based on the given words.

1. Ireland/ be/ separate/ Great Britain/ its east/ North Channel/ Irish Sea/ St George’s Channel.

2. Barbados/ be/ sovereign island country/ Caribbean region/ North America.

3. Antigua and Barbuda/be/ twin-island country/Americas/ lie/ Caribbean Sea/ Atlantic Ocean.

4. Soon/ we/walk through/Orchard Road/ we/ visit/ Merlion/ Sentosa Island.

5. When/ people/ come/England/ they/ never/ miss/ chance/ visit/ city/ double- decker bus.

VI. You are going to travel to Jamaica. Now make a schedule for your 3-day trip. Write a paragraph (100-120 words) to tell about your schedule.

You should base on the suggestions below:

Choose from the followings something for you to see and do in Jamaica:

Image result for dolphin cove

– Dunn’s River Falls: cold, clear mountain water, climbing the falls

– Seven Mile Beach: swimming, sunbathing

– Blue Mountains National Park: hiking, camping

– Pelican Bar: rustic wooden bar, sunbathing, drinking beers, eating fresh fish and swimming the shallow waters.

– Dolphin Cove: snorkeling with stingrays, swimming with the dolphins, feeding the sharks and interacting with exotic birds, snakes and iguanas on the Jungle Trail walk.

– Bob Marley Centre and Mausoleum: finding more about a musical legend

You should also tell in details what you are going to do in each chosen spot.

UNIT 9

G. WRITING

I. Change the following sentences to passive voice.

1. They have discussed the pollution problems since last month

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2. Is he going to repair this bicycle?

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3. Have you sent the invitation cards to your friends?

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4. My father moved the sofa into the living room.

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5. They inform me that the manager is going to travel to Germany.

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6. We believed that Linda would pass the driving test.

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7. Gary gets his brother to clean his car.

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8. He will have a veterinary surgeon examine her cat.

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9. People don’t force the children to work hard.

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10. Police advise drivers to drive slowly and safely.

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11. Her sister is preparing the breakfast in the kitchen.

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12. We should clean our teeth at least once a day.

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13. The shop assistant handed the packages to the customer.

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14. The director award the first prize to the best competitor.

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15. The organizer says that the performance will start at 7 p.m.

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16. He recommended that we shouldn’t stay in the suburb.

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17. I had a technician repair my mobile phone.

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18. They often get the technician to maintain the water heater.

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19. How long have you waited for the dentist?

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20. People saw her plant the tree.

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II. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Phillip had gone out before they arrived.

→ After ____________________________________________________________

2. I had lunch then I watched an interesting film.

→ Before ___________________________________________________________

3. There was a power cut before they got out of the room.

→ When ____________________________________________________________

4. After the manager had informed us clearly about the job, we started our work.

→ By the time ________________________________________________________

5. My father had had dinner by the time I came home.

→ Before ____________________________________________________________

III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. What/I / do/ make you sad/ so much?

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2. I/ already / quit/ job/ when/ she/ join/ company.

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3. He/ not be able to eat/ dinner/ before/ his wife/ come home.

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4. Anna/ work/ accountant/ four years/ before/ she/ promote.

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5. My sister/ finish lunch/ by the time/ I/ walk/ kitchen.

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IV. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. Thanks to technology advances, people can predict some weather disasters such as hurricanes and blizzards.

→ Thanks to_______________________________________________ (predicted)

2. In some cases, lightning can result in wildfires.

→ In some cases,_____________________________________________ (caused)

3. The three injured men were taken to the hospital by some local people. After that, the ambulance came.

→ The three injured men_____________________________________ (by the time)

4. The children left the house. Then the house collapsed.

→ The children_______________________________________________ (before)

5. After the latest landslide in Sapa, the local government held a training session to teach people how to protect themselves in some natural disasters.

→ After_______________________________________________________ (was)

V. Write an email (100 -120 words) to your foreign friend about a natural disaster happening in Vietnam that you witnessed or heard about.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What type of natural disaster is it?

– When/ where did it occur?

– What were the effects of it?

– What was/ has been done to help the victims of the disasters?

Dear ……………………,

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Love,

………………………(Your signature)

UNIT 10

G. WRITING

I. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Mary/ enjoy/ listen/ music/ on/ radio.

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2. I / not/ mind/ do/ washing/ up.

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3. She/ advised/ me/ see/ doctor/ as/ soon/ as/ possible.

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4. At/ last/ they/ decided/ rent/ apartment.

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5. Would/ you/ mind/ post/ this/ letter/ me?

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6. We/ plan/ go/ Europe/ this/ summer.

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7. The/ students/ hope/ pass/ exam.

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8. My/ boss/ want/ me/ send/ this/ email/ before/ afternoon.

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9. She/ always/ enjoy/ talk/ her/ grandfather/. / He/ always/ tell/ great / stories.

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10. The/ children/ promised/ be/ back/ 9/ o’clock.

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II. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Remind me to send Minh a letter about our plans. (WRITE)

🡪 Remind me to __________________________ our plans.

2. Some monkeys use sign language to talk to people. (COMMUNICATE)

🡪 Some monkeys __________________________ through sign language.

3. Could you tell Johns about the school program by e-mail? (SEND)

🡪 Could you __________________________ John about the school program?

4. Mai sent me a text message. (RECEIVED)

🡪 I __________________________ Mai.

5. Did Huy say anything about your post on Facebook? (COMMENT)

🡪 Did Huy __________________________ on Facebook?

III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences in future continuous.

1. Tomorrow/ at/ this/ time/I/ dance/ at/ party.

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2. Next week/ at/ this/ time/ she/ sunbathe/ at/ beach.

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3. 2030/ we/ not/ use/ landline/ telephones.

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4. This/ evening/ 8 o’clock, she/ watch/ movie/ her/ friends.

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5. When/I/ am/ 75/I/ play/ my/ grandchildren.

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6. Unfortunately/ sea/ levels/ still/ rise/ in/ 20 years.

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7. This/ time/ next month/ we/ sit/ on/ train/ Barcelona.

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8. What/ you/ do/ in/ a/ year/ from/ now?

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9. At/ this/ rate/ you/ speak/ Spanish/ fluently.

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10. This/ time/ Saturday/ Joe/ drive/ to/ airport.

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IV. Finish each of the following sentence so that its meaning stays the same.

1. The earth’s temperature gets higher. The ice melts.

🡪 If ___________________________________________________________

2. You should water these flowers every day to make them fresh.

🡪 These flowers __________________________________________________

3. She wants to be a bird. She can fly everywhere.

🡪 If ____________________________________________________________

4. She hasn’t visited her close friends’ house for a week.

🡪 It is __________________________________________________________

5. She can manage to rank the first in her class because she reads lots of books.

🡪 As a result of ___________________________________________________

V. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Let s go to the cinema. (HOW)

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2. She has studied English for 5 years. (AGO)

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3. Mike completed his homework last night. (BY)

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4. Using lots of cars can lead to air pollution. (CAUSED)

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5. The air is polluted. People have breathing problems. (IF)

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VI. Rearrange the given words or phrases to make meaningful sentences.

1. If/I/ at night/ were/ father/ would/ not/I/ allow/ at night/ you/ to/ go out/ your.

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2. The/ of the fish/ water/ can/ the death/ lead to/ polluted.

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3. polluted/ The/ factory’s/ can/ make/ the river/ water/ waste.

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4. would be/ If/ interesting/ had/ wings/ it/ very/ the cat.

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5. finished/ Her house/ was/ by/ a / artist/ decoration/ famous.

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6. Why/ new/ study abroad/ students/ when/ they/ feel homesick/ did?

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7. her high marks/ Mai’s effort/ the final exam/ results in/ in.

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8. to a safer area/happened/The homeless/ the earthquake/before/had been taken

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9. we/ will/ save/ water/ have/ fresh water/ to use/ If/ other people.

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10. Do/ you/ what/ caused/ polluted/ soil/ in/ our/ town/ know?

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VII. Make meaningful sentences based on the given words below.

1. Most/ drinking water sources/ be/ contaminate/ different degrees.

………………………………………………………………………………………

2. Sentosa/ be/ popular island resort/ Singapore/ and/ it/ be/ visit/ some twenty million people/ year.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Belize/ be/ independent country/ eastern coast/ Central America.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

4. Canada/be/ geologically active/ many earthquakes/ potentially active volcanoes.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

5. Extreme weather/ be/ not/ uncommon/United States/ and/ most/ world’s tornadoes/ occur/ country.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

VIII. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. Between 2000 and 2012, natural disasters caused $1.7 trillion in damage.

→ (was)

2. Our seas are seriously polluted. Fish and other marine creatures die every day.

→ (if)

3. We will visit the Emancipation Park before we go to have some drinks in that famous bar.

→ (as soon as)

4. They invited me to travel to Los Angeles with them after I had planned my trip to England.

(by the time)

5. The local government displayed many educational posters on the street to encourage people to protect the environment.

(were)

IX. Is your living area facing with any kind of pollution? Write a paragraph(100-120 words) about it.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What kind of pollution is it facing?

– How is the situation?

– What are the causes?

– What are the effects?

– What should the people do to reduce it?

UNIT 11

G. WRITING

I. Turn these sentences into reported speech.

1. “I try to learn hard to pass the entrance exam.”

🡪 My sister said ____________________________________________________

2. “My students are preparing the hall for their meeting.”

🡪 The teacher informed ______________________________________________

3. “Lien doesn’t want to go for a picnic tomorrow.”

🡪 Lan told _________________________________________________________

4. “We bought a special TV which could perform two different channels at the same time last week.”

🡪 My friends told me ________________________________________________

5. “Lily will be a talent musician in the future.”

🡪 The music teacher hoped ___________________________________________

6. “Science and technology are the keys to develop the country.”

🡪 People believed ___________________________________________________

7. “You have to wear school uniform next Monday,” our teacher said.

🡪 Our teacher said ___________________________________________________

8. “I saw the alien yesterday when I was going out with my friends” the boy said.

🡪 The boy said that __________________________________________________

9. “I have just received a birthday gift from my mother,” my friend said to me.

🡪 My friend told me _________________________________________________

10. “The story about that happened long ago” she said.

🡪 She said _________________________________________________________

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. We/ have/ car/ service/ and/ seem/ there/ problem/ engine.

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2. Scientists/ try/ work out/ way/ reduce/ pollution/ aircraft.

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3. All/ us/ know/ the way/ the success/ not/ easy.

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4. Nick/ tell/ that/ he/ go camping/ his classmates/ next day.

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5. Technology/ field/ telecommunications/ develop/ significantly/ recent years.

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6. Call/ me/ you/ finish/I/ come/ pick/ you/ up.

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7. When/ he/ come/ tomorrow/ they/ travel/ Japan.

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8. We/ all/ believe/ he/ recover/ her illness/ soon.

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9. My sister/ visit/ China/ this time next month.

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10. Match/ already start/ by the time/ he/ get/ stadium.

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III. Rewrite the sentences in direct or indirect speech.

1. “Production of these chemicals causes serious environmental pollution”, said the scientists.

🡪 The scientists said that______________________________________________

2. “New scientific discoveries are being made all the time.”

🡪 We believed that __________________________________________________

3. Miss Anne said that she was doing scientific experiments at that moment.

🡪 Miss Anne:”______________________________________________________ ”

4. Minh asked his friend who he had been out with the weekend before.

🡪 Minh: ___________________________________________________________

5. They asked us how we had got on with David two days before.

🡪 They:” _________________________________________________________?”

6. “The students will watch a documentary on the future of nuclear power tomorrow”, said the teacher.

🡪 The teacher said that _______________________________________________

IV. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. My science exam starts at eight tomorrow morning. (TAKING)

🡪 At eight tomorrow _______________________________ my science exam.

2. The teacher will finish marking the exams and then she will tell us our results. (SOON)

🡪 The teacher will tell us our results _______________________________ marking the exams.

3. We’re willing to wait for you. (WILL)

🡪 We __________________________________

4. “I’ll buy them as they’re so cheap!” said Tony. (GOING)

🡪 Tony said he _______________________________ as they were so cheap.

5. “Everything was different yesterday”, said Nick. (BEEN)

🡪 Nick said everything _______________________________ before.

6. “We’re going on our yearly diet tomorrow”, said Jessie and Sandy together. (STARTING)

🡪 Jessie and Sandy said together that ______________________their yearly diet the next day.

V. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. We/ believe/ science/ technology/ the keys/ develop/ the country.

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2. Steward/ said/ he/ not want/ dessert/ because/ he/ full.

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3. future/ robots/ do/ many/ thing/ us/,/but/ may not/ improve/ quality/ our lives.

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4. We/ hope/ scientists/ invent/ more/ energy- saving device/ help/ us/ easily/ save power.

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5. international meeting/ economic development/ take place/ Singapore/ this time next week.

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6. Science/ technology/ the key/ development/ many/ field/ our life/ and/ will bring/ lot/ more benefits/ people.

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VI. Write a passage of approximately 120 words about an invention or technology and its advantages and disadvantages. You may base on the outline questions for your writing.

What are you going to write about?

– What are the advantages of that invention? How about the disadvantages?

– Which aspects will the invention be applied for? Who should use this product?

– Will it become popular in the future?

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UNIT 12

G. WRITING

I. Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech.

1. “I think there are 9 planets in the solar system,” David said.

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2. “Do you think aliens from other planet may contact us one day in the future?” Tom asked.

____________________________________________________________________

3. “How can scientists discover the surface of other planet?” Dean asked Tom.

____________________________________________________________________

4. “When can people travel to the Mars as tourists?” Edward asked his friends.

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5. “Will aliens be friendly to people on Earth?” Nick asked his father.

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6. “How many stars are there in our galaxy?” Tom asked.

________________________________________________________________

7. “How long does it take a space buggy to travel to Mercury?” Dean asked.

________________________________________________________________

8. “How old is our Earth?” Linda asked.

________________________________________________________________

9. “I believe one day in the future aliens might visit the Earth,” Robert said.

________________________________________________________________

10. “How can we send message to other planets?” Carlos asked.

________________________________________________________________

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences with may or might

1. Farmer/ use/ fertilizer/ so that/ they/ have/ rich harvest.

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2. He/ say/ he/ stand/ election.

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3. I/ go home/ early/ if/I/ be/ tired.

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4. He/ visit/ Italy/ before/ settle/ Nuremberg.

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5. You/ have/ little difficulty/ drive/ night.

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6. I/ have/ allergy/ wheat.

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7. We/ go/ London/ vacation/ if/ we/ still/ afford.

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8. Next time/ you/ try/ wash/ it/ sink.

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9. You/ want/ consider/ leave/ early.

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10. She/ be/ late/ because of/ public/ transport strike.

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III. Rewrite the following sentences in direct speech.

1. Christine asked me if I wanted to eat out.

___________________________________________________________

2. Linda wanted to know when they had come.

___________________________________________________________

3. Carlos asked me if David had gone home.

___________________________________________________________

4. Kate asked me where John parked his car.

___________________________________________________________

5. Linsey asked me if I had done my homework.

___________________________________________________________

6. Paola wanted to know if they could help her.

___________________________________________________________

7. Andrew asked me if I had had lunch with Susan.

___________________________________________________________

8. Frank asked me what I was doing.

___________________________________________________________

9. Justine wanted to know how much money I had.

___________________________________________________________

10. Christ asked if he had to do the washing.

___________________________________________________________

IV. Rearrange the given words or phrases to make meaningful sentences.

1. might/ engineer/ When/ grow/ become/ I/ I/ an/ up.

___________________________________________________________

2. cook/ Billy/ might/ and/ tonight/ dinner/I.

___________________________________________________________

3. might/ president/ You/ one day/ never/ become/ know/I.

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4. please/ May/ a piece/ have/ bread/ of/I?

___________________________________________________________

5. doubt/ might/ tonight/ It/ but/ snow/I/ it.

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6. happiness/ this/ bring/ health/ May/ and/ you/ year!

___________________________________________________________

7. might/ thought/ be able/ useless/I/ he/ to help/ was/ but/ me/ he.

___________________________________________________________

8. leave/ asked/ the/ today/ might/I/ early/ work/I/ if.

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9. discount/ only/ Employees/ on/ use/ may/ priced/ regular/ their/ items.

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10. may/ washroom/ Customers/ the/ use/ staff.

___________________________________________________________

V. Make complete sentences based on the given words.

1. We/ might/ get/ call/ her/ instead/ email.

2. It/ be/ pity/ he/ refuse/ come/ party/ yesterday.

3. Earth/be/ third planet/ Sun/ and/ be/ largest/ terrestrial planets.

4. Yesterday/ she/ report/ she/see/UFO/ sky/night/before.

5. They/ thought/ people/will/ not/be/ use/ snail mails/ near future.

VI. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. “I will be introducing my latest technological invention to public next month”, the famous scientist said.

→ The famous scientist said that

2. “Is Twitter popular in Vietnam?”, a foreigner journalist asked me.

→ A foreigner journalist asked me

3. It is likely that they will hold a conference call meeting this Friday.

→ They may

4. Am I allowed to use this telephone to make some phone calls?

→ May I

5. She will organize a workshop on using some useful websites for education.

→ A workshop

6. My son watches TV a lot, so he is short-sighted now.

→ If

7. I will visit Los Angeles first, and I will move to New York right after that.

→ As soon as

8. He came to my house at 9 am. I went out for shopping at 8.30 a.m.

→ By the time

9. Would you mind lending me your new laptop within 2 hours?

→ May I

10. It is unlikely that Jenny will stop using Facebook.

→ Jenny might

VII. Write a paragraph (100-120 words) to express your opinion about the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV among children.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What are the advantages of watching TV to children?

– What are the disadvantages of watching TV to children?

– Does watching TV have more advantages or disadvantages to children?

ANSWER KEYS

UNIT 7

G. WRITING

I. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. If people cared much about environment, they wouldn’t keep/ would stop making it worse.

2. Since she drank contaminated water in a long time, she suffered from a serious disease.

3. If the drainage system was not damaged, there would be enough water for the crop.

4. If I were you, I would turn off more lights in the house to reduce the eye strain.

5. If the public transport system is improved, more people will be encouraged to use it.

II. Combine each pair of the following sentences using the words/ phrases in brackets.

1. A serious road accident caused traffic chaos yesterday.

2. I had to get the mop since I spilled my juice.

3. He walked slowly because of his bad leg.

4. A peacock will spread his feathers so he will attract a female.

5. The cyclone has resulted in many thousands of deaths.

6. Eating too much sugar can lead to health problems.

7. Our departure delayed because of bad weather.

8. The fire resulted in damage to our property.

9. I think they are not coming, since they haven’t reply our invitation so far.

10. The poor road condition has caused several accidents.

III. Use the given words to write the complete conditional sentences type 2.

1. If I were you, I would eat more vegetable.

2. More foreign tourists would come here if the environment were cleaner.

3. What would happen if there were no woman in the world?

4. If I were his father, I would ask him to learn English better.

5. If there were no war on earth, people would live in peace forever.

6. Flood would not happen so regularly if people didn’t cut down so many trees.

7. If they told their father, he would be very angry.

8. She would spend a year in the USA if it were easier to get a green card.

9. If I lived on a lonely island, I would be very sad all day.

10. My brother would buy a sport car if he had the money.

IV. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Richard is not old enough to see the horror film.

2. Don’t forget to turn off the fan before leaving the room.

3. What an intelligent man he is!

4. I was going to come over to pick you up.

5. My sister has long and black hair.

6. The supermarket isn’t far from Trung’s house.

7. Alexander G. Bell was the man who invented telephone in 1876.

8. I will give you a call tomorrow morning.

9. Let’s go to the theatre tonight.

10. She used to live on a farm.

V. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. If I come home earlier, I will prepare dinner.

2. If we lived in Rome, Francesco would visit us.

3. If Tim and Tom were older, they would play in our hockey team.

4. If he were my friend, I would invite him to my birthday party.

5. If Susan studied harder, she would be better at school.

6. If they had enough money, they would buy a new car.

7. If you did a paper round, you would earn a little extra money.

8. If Michael got more pocket money, he would ask Doris out for dinner.

9. If we won the lottery, we would fly to San Francisco.

10. If I met Brad Pitt, I would ask for his autograph.

IV. Are you concerned about noise pollution? Write a paragraph (100-120 words) about its causes, effects and solutions for this pollution problem.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What is noise pollution?

– How common is it now?

– What causes it?

– What are its effects?

– What should we do to solve it?

UNIT 8

G. WRITING

I. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. It has been ten years since I last went to Ho Chi Minh City.

2. I have never read such an interesting novel before.

3. I haven’t never been to Bangkok before.

4. I have learnt English for 10 years.

5. I have not seen him for ages.

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Canberra is the capital city of Australia.

2. With a population of 403,468, it is Australia’s largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall.

3. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory.

4. A resident of Canberra is known as a “Canberran”.

5. Canberra is the capital and seat of government.

III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Alison often watches TV after dinner.

2. I have read all the plays of Shakespeare.

3. She doesn’t like to be disturbed when she is working.

4. Jack doesn’t spend much time on reading.

5. They have lived in that house for ten years.

6. We have worked at this company since 2008.

7. John’s friends are playing football at the Sports Centre.

8. Peter doesn’t like buying food in supermarkets

9. The President has travelled to more than twenty countries.

10. I am doing housework at the moment.

IV. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Mr. Nam has taught English for 20 years.

2. She has never been to Vietnam before.

3. I haven’t met her for the last 3 years.

4. I have never read such an interesting novel before.

5. I have been to Hanoi twice before.

V. Make complete sentences based on the given words.

1. Ireland is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel.

2. Barbados is a sovereign island country in the Caribbean region of North America.

3. Antigua and Barbuda is a twin-island country in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

4. As soon as we walk through the Orchard Road, we will visit the Merlion and Sentosa Island.

5. When people come to England, they never miss a chance of visiting the city on a double-decker bus.

UNIT 9

G. WRITING

I. Change the following sentences to passive voice.

1. The pollution problems have been discussed since last month.

2. Is this bicycle going to be repaired?

3. Have the invitation cards been sent to your friends?

4. The sofa was moved into the living room by my father.

5. I am informed that the manager is going to travel to Germany.

6. It was believed that Linda would pass the driving test.

7. Gary gets his car cleaned.

8. He will have her cat examined.

9. The children are not forced to work hard.

10. Drivers are advised to drive slowly and safely by police.

11. The breakfast is being prepared in the kitchen.

12. Our teeth should be cleaned at least once a day.

13. The packages were handed to the customer.

14. The first prize is awarded to the best competitor.

15. It is said that the performance will start at 7 p.m.

16. It was recommended that we shouldn’t stay in the suburb.

17. I had my mobile phone repaired.

18. They often get the water heater maintained.

19. How long has the dentist been waited for?

20. She was seen to plant the tree.

II. Finish each of the following sentences so that its meaning stays the same.

1. After Phillip had gone out, they arrived.

2. Before I watched an interesting film, I had had lunch.

3. When they got out of the room, there had been a power cut.

4. By the time we started our work, the manager had informed us clearly about the job.

5. Before I came home, my father had had dinner.

III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. What had I done to make you sad so much?

2. I had already quitted the job when she joined the company.

3. He hadn’t been able to eat dinner before his wife came home.

4. Anna had worked as an accountant for four years before she was promoted.

5. My sister had finished lunch by the time I walked into the kitchen.

IV. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. Thanks to technology advances, some of the weather disasters such as hurricanes and blizzards can be predicted.

2. In some cases, wildfires can be caused by lightning.

3. The three injured men had been taken to the hospital by some local people by the time the ambulance came.

4. The children had left the house before the house collapsed.

5. After the latest landslide in Sapa, a training session was held by the local government to teach people how to protect themselves in some natural disasters.

V. Write an email (100 -120 words) to your foreign friend about a natural disaster happening in Vietnam that you witnessed or heard about.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What type of natural disaster is it?

– When/ where did it occur?

– What were the effects of it?

– What was/ has been done to help the victims of the disasters?

Dear ……………………,

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Love,

………………………(Your signature)

UNIT 10

G. WRITING

I. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. Mary enjoys listening to music on the radio.

2. I don’t mind do the washing up.

3. She advised me to see the doctor as soon as possible.

4. At last, they decided to rent the apartment.

5. Would you mind posting this letter for me?

6. We plan to go to Europe this summer.

7. The students hope to pass the exam.

8. My boss wants me to send this email before afternoon.

9. She always enjoys talking to her grandfather. He always tells great stories.

10. The children promised to be back before by 9 o’clock.

II. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given j so that its meaning stays the same.

1. Remind me to write Mirth a letter about our plans.

2. Some monkeys communicate with people through sign language.

3. Could you send email to John about the school program?

4. I received a text message from Mai.

5. Did Huy comment about your post on Facebook?

III. Use the given words to write the complete sentences in future continuous.

1. Tomorrow at this time I will be dancing at the party.

2. Next week at this time she will be sunbathing at the beach.

3. In 2030, we will not be using landline telephones.

4. This evening at 8 o’clock, she will be watching movie with her friends.

5. When I am 75, I will be playing with my grandchildren.

6. Unfortunately, sea levels will still be rising in 20 years.

7. This time next month we will be sitting on the train to Barcelona.

8. What will you be doing in a year from now?

9. At this rate you will be speaking Spanish fluently.

10. At this time on Saturday, Joe will be driving to the airport.

IV. Finish each of the following sentence so that its meaning stays the same.

1. If the earth’s temperature gets higher, the ice will melt.

2. These flowers should be watered everyday to be fresh.

3. If she were a bird, she would fly everywhere.

4. It has been a week since the last time she visited her close friends’ house.

5. As a result of reading lots of books, she can manage to rank the first in her class.

V. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same

1. How about going to the cinema?

2. She started studying English 5 years ago.

3. Mike’s homework was completed by him last night.

4. Air pollution can be caused by using lots of cars.

5. If the air is polluted, people will have breathing problems.

VI. Rearrange the given words or phrases lo make meaningful sentences.

1. If I were your father, I would not allow you to go out at night.

2. The polluted water can lead to the death of the fish.

3. The factory’s waste water can make the river polluted.

4. If the cat had wings, it would be very interesting.

5. Her house decoration was finished by a famous artist.

6. Why did new students feel homesick when they study abroad?

7. Mai’s effort results in her high marks in the final exam.

8. The homeless had been taken to a safer area before the earthquake happened.

9. If we save water, other people will have fresh water to use.

10. Do you know what caused polluted soil in our town?

VII. Make meaningful sentences based on the given words below.

1. Most of our drinking water sources are/ have been contaminated to the different degrees.

2. Sentosa is a popular island resort in Singapore, and it is visited by some twenty million people a year.

3. Belize is an independent country on the eastern coast of Central America.

4. Canada is geologically active with many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes.

5. Extreme weather is not uncommon in the United States, and most of the world’s tornadoes occur within/ in this country.

VIII. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. Between 2000 and 2012, $1.7 trillion in damage was caused by natural disasters.

2. If our seas were not seriously polluted, fish and other marine creatures wouldn’t die every day.

3. As soon as we visit the Emancipation Park, we will go to have some drinks in that famous bar.

4. By the time they invited me to travel to Los Angeles with them, I had planed my trip to England.

5. Many educational posters were displayed on the street by the local government to encourage people to protect the environment.

UNIT 11

G. WRITING

I. Turn these sentences into reported speech:

1. My sister said that she tried to learn hard to pass the entrance exam.

2. The teacher informed me that her/ his students were preparing the hall for their meeting.

3. Lan told me that Lien didn’t want to go for a picnic the next/ following day.

4. My friends told me that they had bought a special TV which could perform two different channels at the same time the previous week/ the week before.

5. The music teacher hoped that Lily would be a talent musician in the future.

6. People believed that science and technology were the keys to develop the country.

7. Our teacher said that we had to wear school uniform the next/ following Monday.

8. The boy said that he had seen the alien the previous day when he had been going out with his friends.

9. My friend told me she had just received a birthday gift from her mother.

10. He said the story about that had happened long before.

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. We had our car serviced and it seems there’s a problem with the/ its engine

2. Scientists are trying to work out ways to reduce pollution from aircrafts.

3. All of us knew that the way to the success was not easy.

4. Nick told me that he would go camping with his classmates the next day

5. Technology in the fields of communications has developed significantly in the recent years.

6. Call me when you finish, and I will come and pick you up.

7. When he comes tomorrow, they will be travelling to Japan.

8. We all believe that he will recover from her illness soon.

9. My sister will be visiting China at this time next month.

10. The match will have already started by the time he gets to the stadium.

III. Rewrite the sentences in direct or indirect speech.

1. The scientists said that production of those chemicals caused environmental pollution.

2. We believed that new scientific discoveries were being made all the time.

3. Miss Anne: ” I am doing scientific experiments now”

4. Minh: “Who did you go out with last weekend?”

5. They: “How did you get on with David two days ago?”

6. The teacher said that the students would watch a documentary on the future of nuclear power the next/ following day.

IV. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word(s) given so that its meaning stays the same.

1. At ten past eight tomorrow I will be taking my science exam.

2. The teacher will tell us our results as soon as she finishes marking the exams.

3. We will wait for you.

4. Tony said he was going to buy them as they were so cheap.

5. Nick said everything had been different the day before.

6. Jessie and Sandy said together that they were starting their yearly diet the next day.

V. Use the given words to write the complete sentences.

1. We believed that science and technology were the keys to develop the country.

2. Steward said that he didn’t want any dessert because he was full.

3. In the future robots will do many things for us, but they may not improve the quality of our lives.

4. We hope that scientists will invent more energy-saving devices to help us easily save power.

5. An international meeting on economic development will be taking place in Singapore this time next week.

6. Science and technology are the key to development in many fields of our life and they will bring a lot more benefits to people.

III. Write about an invention or technology and its advantages and disadvantages. You may base on the outline questions for you writing

Many years ago no one could ever imagine that such a thing as the Internet would be invented. Nowadays, life without the Internet for the most people is unimaginable. In my opinion every invention has its time, and the Internet is the greatest invention of our time.

Firstly, the Internet provides an enormous amount of information Everyone can find all types of information on millions of topics. Also, people are able to find information on every subject they are interested in. However, this easy access to so much information can sometimes be dangerous. For example, one primary disadvantage is that children may get exposed to information that they aren’t supposed to access such as pornographic materials, violent movies. The internet has also encouraged fraudsters who benefit from innocent users who are easily deceived to give their bank details and send money to get fake products.

Secondly, people are using the internet for communication. Today, we can initiate real-time communication with someone who is in another part of the world in my personal experience I use all time Skype to communicate with my family and close friends.

People can participate in social networks like “Facebook” , “Twitter”, “Couch surfing”, etc. They can keep in touch with their friends in distant places, or make new ones. Nevertheless, this way of communication can sometimes be inefficient. Face-to-face conversation, at least in my opinion, is much better. Furthermore, a disvantage is easy to waste a lot of time on the internet. We can start surfing, and then realize far more time has passed than you realized. Internet and television together of added to the more sedentary lifestyles of people. Moreover, the Internet include the access of personal information such as our name and address by other people and clogging up of unsolicited e-mails that serve no purpose and are unnecessary.

Last but not least, the invention of the Internet could not be even possible without some earlier inventions and discoveries. First it was the discover of fire, then the invention of the wheel. Later it was electricity, the telegraph and the computer. All this led to the invention of the Internet.

It can be concluded that, there are many great inventions, every one of them important for its time. The Internet, even with its flaws, is the most important invention of our modern time.

UNIT 12

G. WRITING

I. Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech

1. Davis thought there were 9 planets in the solar system.

2. Tom asked me if I thought aliens from other planets might contact us one day in the future.

3. Dean asked Tom how scientists could discover the surface of other planet.

4. Edward asked his friends when people could travel to the Mars as tourists.

5. Nick asked his father if aliens would be friendly to people on Earth.

6. Tom asked how many stars there were in our galaxy.

7. Dean asked how long it took a space buggy to travel to Mercury.

8. Linda asked how old our Earth was.

9. Robert believed that one day in the future aliens might visit the Earth.

10. Carlos asked how we could send message to other planets.

II. Use the given words to write the complete sentences with may or might.

1. Farmers use fertilizers so that they may have a rich harvest.

2. He said that he might stand for election.

3. I may go home early if I’m tired.

4. He might have visited Italy before settling in Nuremberg.

5. You may have a little difficulty driving at night.

6. I might have an allergy to wheat.

7. We may go to London for vacation, if we can still afford it.

8. Next time you might try washing it in the sink.

9. You may want to consider leaving early.

10. She might be late because of the public transport strike.

III. Rewrite the following sentences in direct speech.

1. “Do you want to eat out?” Christine asked me.

2. “When did they come?” Linda asked.

3. “Has David gone home?” David asked.

4. “Where does John park his car?”Kate asked.

5. “Have you done your homework?” Linsay asked me.

6. “Can they help me?” Paola asked.

7. “Have you had lunch with Susan?” Andrew asked.

8. “What are you doing?” Frank asked me.

9. “How much money do you have?” Justine asked me.

10. “Do I have to do the washing?” Christ asked.

IV. Rearrange the given words or phrases to make meaningful sentences.

1. When I grow up, I might become an engineer.

2. Billy and I might cook dinner tonight.

3. You never know, I might become president one day.

4. May I have a piece of bread please?

5. It might snow tonight, but I doubt it.

6. May this year bring you happiness and health!

7. I thought he might be able to help me, but he was useless.

8. I asked him if I might leave the work early today.

9. Employees may use their discount on regular priced items only.

10. Customers may use the staff washroom.

V. Make complete sentences based on the given words.


1. We might get a call from her instead of an email.

2. It was a pity that he refused to come to our/ the party.

3. Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets.

4. Yesterday she reported that she had seen a UFO in the sky the night before.

5. They thought that people would not be using snail mails in the near future.

VI. Rewrite the following sentences based on the given words.

1. The famous scientist said that he/she would be introducing his/her latest technological invention to public the following month.

2. A foreigner journalist asked me if Twitter was popular in Vietnam (or not).

3. They may hold a conference call meeting this Friday.

4. May I use this telephone to make some phone calls?

5. A workshop on using some useful websites for education will be organized by her.

6. If my son didn’t watch TV a lot, he wouldn’t be short-sighted now.

7. As soon as I visit Los Angeles, I will move to New York.

8. By the time he came to my house, I had (already) gone out for shopping.

9. May I borrow your new laptop within 2 hours?

10. Jenny might not stop using Facebook.

VII. Write a paragraph (100-120 words) to express your opinion about the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV among children.

You should base on the suggestions below:

– What are the advantages of watching TV to children?

– What are the disadvantages of watching TV to children?

– Does watching TV have more advantages or disadvantages to children?

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