Từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề Nguyên liệu nấu ăn – common ingredients used in cooking

Hãy nắm vững các từ vựng này để có thể áp dụng trong công việc cũng như cuộc sống hàng ngày của bạn.

Here are some common ingredients used in cooking:

  • flour: a powder made from grinding wheat, used as a basic ingredient in baking
  • sugar: a sweet, crystalline substance, typically obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet, used as a sweetener in food and drink
  • salt: a white crystalline substance that is used to season food, and to preserve meat and fish
  • butter: a solid, fatty substance made from the cream of milk, used as a spread or in cooking
  • milk: a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals, used as a drink or in cooking
  • eggs: a oval or round object laid by female birds, reptiles, or insects, typically containing a developing embryo
  • cheese: a food made from the pressed curds of milk, often flavored and aged
  • fruit: the edible part of a plant, typically a sweet, juicy, or pulpy one, that encloses seeds
  • vegetables: a plant or part of a plant used as food, typically as accompaniment to meat or fish, such as a cabbage, potato, or carrot
  • herbs: a plant or a part of a plant used for its flavor, scent, or medicinal properties
  • spices: a strongly flavored or aromatic substance of vegetable origin, used to flavor food, obtained from trees, shrubs, herbs, or roots
  • oil: a liquid fat obtained from plants or animals, used in cooking and as a fuel
  • vinegar: a sour-tasting liquid consisting of acetic acid and water, obtained by fermenting dilute alcoholic liquids, typically wine, cider, or beer, and used as a condiment or for pickling
  • broth: a liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been cooked, used as a basis for soup or sauce
  • stock: a liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered, used as a base for soups, sauces, or other dishes
  • sauce: a liquid or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods
  • seasoning: a substance, such as salt, that is used to add flavor to food
  • garlic: a strong-smelling, pungent bulb, used as a flavoring in cooking
  • onion: a bulbous plant, the underground part of which is eaten, used as a flavoring in cooking
  • ginger: the underground stem of the ginger plant, used as a spice or a medicine
  • pepper: a plant, the dried fruit of which is used as a spice and seasoning, especially the black, white, or red spicy seeds
  • lemon: a small, round citrus fruit with a yellow, acidic pulp
  • lime: a small, oval citrus fruit with a green, acidic pulp
  • orange: a round citrus fruit with a tough, reddish-yellow rind and a sweet, pulpy interior
  • apple: a round fruit with smooth, reddish-yellow, green, or yellow skin and firm white flesh
  • banana: a long, curved fruit with a yellow or green skin and soft, sweet, white flesh
  • avocado: a large, oval or pear-shaped fruit with a rough, green or black skin and a single, large seed
  • berries: a small, sweet, and usually red, black, or yellow fruit that is edible, typically juicy and fleshy
  • nuts: a hard-shelled seed, typically edible, that consists of an edible kernel or meat enclosed in a woody or leathery shell
  • legumes: a plant of the pea family, the seeds of which are used as food, such as beans, lentils, or peas
  • grains: the edible seeds of certain grasses, such as wheat, barley, or rice, used as food
  • pasta: a food made from dough of wheat flour or cornmeal, typically made in the form of long, thin strips or sheets, boiled and served with a sauce or other seasoning
  • bread: a food made of flour, water, and yeast or another leavening agent, mixed together and baked
  • chicken: the flesh of a chicken, used as food
  • beef: the flesh of a cow, bull, or ox, used as food
  • pork: the flesh of a pig, used as food
  • lamb: the flesh of a young sheep, used as food
  • fish: the flesh of a fish, used as food
  • shrimp: a small, swimming crustacean with a slender body, a long tail, and long feelers, used as food
  • shellfish: any aquatic invertebrates with a shell, such as a crab, lobster, or clam, used as food
  • vegetables: a plant or part of a plant used as food, typically as accompaniment to meat or fish, such as a cabbage, potato, or carrot
  • rice: the starchy seeds of an Asian cereal plant, used as food
  • quinoa: a plant that is native to South America and is grown for its edible seeds, which are used as a grain
  • couscous: a North African dish made of semolina grains steamed and rolled into small balls
  • tofu: a soft white cheese-like food made from ground soybeans, used as a meat substitute in many vegetarian dishes
  • yogurt: a semi-solid food made from milk curdled by bacteria, typically eaten as a dessert or a snack
  • honey: a sweet, sticky, yellowish-brown fluid made by bees from the nectar of flowers, and stored in the wax honeycomb
  • chocolate: a food made from ground roasted cocoa beans, typically sweetened and used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods
  • coffee: a hot drink made from the roasted and ground seeds of a tropical shrub
  • tea: a hot drink made by infusing the dried, crushed leaves of the tea plant in boiling water
  • olive oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from olives and used in cooking, especially in Mediterranean cuisine
  • vegetable oil: any of various oils obtained from plants, used in cooking and as a fuel
  • canola oil: a vegetable oil that is extracted from canola seeds and is used in cooking and as a source of biofuel
  • coconut oil: an oil that is obtained from the flesh of coconuts and is used in cooking and in cosmetics
  • peanut oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from peanuts and used in cooking, especially in Asian cuisine
  • sesame oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from sesame seeds and used in cooking, especially in Asian cuisine
  • sunflower oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from sunflower seeds and used as a cooking oil and as a source of biofuel
  • corn oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from corn and used as a cooking oil and as a source of biofuel
  • soybean oil: a pale yellow oil obtained from soybeans and used as a cooking oil and as a source of biofuel
  • yeast: a single-celled fungus that reproduces by budding, used in brewing, baking, and in the production of biofuels
  • baking powder: a mixture of a carbonate or bicarbonate and a weak acid, used as a raising agent in baking
  • baking soda: a solid white crystalline substance that is used as a raising agent in baking, and as a cleaning and deodorizing agent
  • cornstarch: a fine, white powder made from corn, used as a thickening agent in cooking
  • vanilla extract: a flavoring made by soaking vanilla beans in alcohol
  • chocolate chips: small pieces of chocolate, used as a topping or ingredient in baking
  • nuts: a hard-shelled seed, typically edible, that consists of an edible kernel or meat enclosed in a woody or leathery shell

I hope this helps! These are just some of the many ingredients used in cooking. There are many more, and new ingredients are constantly being discovered and used in creative and delicious ways.

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